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Read more about the ensoETM® in these publications

Anderson CM, Joseph C, Fisher R, Berry D, Diestelhorst JB, Kulstad C, Wayne M. Targeted temperature management using esophageal cooling” (2022). Ther Hypothermia Temp Manag.12(4):235-239.

Sanchez, J.,Woods, C.,Zagrodzky, J.,Nazari, J.,Singleton,Schricker, A.,Ruppert, A.,Brumback, B.,Jenny, B,Athill, C.,Joseph, C.,Shah, D.,Upadhyay, G,Kulstad, E.,Cogan, J., Leyton-Mange, J.,Cooper, J.,Tamirisa, K.,Omotoye, S,Timilsina, S., … Metzl, M. (2023). Atrioesophageal fistula rates before and after adoption of active esophageal cooling during atrial fibrillation ablation. JACC.

Leung, L.W.M., Toor, P., Akhtar, Z., Bajpai, A., Li, A., Sohal, M., & Gallagher, M.M. (2023). Real-world results of oesophageal protection from a temperature control device during left atrial ablation. Europace 00,1-3.

Joseph, C.,Nazari, J., Zagrodzky, J.,Brumback, B.,Sherman, J., Zagrodzky, W., Bailey, S., Kulstad, E. & Metzl, M. (2023). Improved 1-year outcomes after active cooling during left atrial radiofrequency ablation. J Interv Card Electrophysiol.

Joseph, C., Cooper, C., Sikka, R.,  Zagrodzky, J., Turer, R.W., McDonald, S.A., Kulstad, E., & Daniels, J. (2023) Improved hospital discharge and cost savings with esophageal cooling during left atrial ablation, Journal of Medical Economics, 26:1, 158-167.

Cooper, J., Joseph, C., Zagrodzky, J., Woods, C., Metzl, M., Turer, R.W., McDonald, S.A., Kulstad, E., & Daniels, J. (2022).  Active esophageal cooling during radiofrequency ablation of the left atrium: data review and update. Expert Rev Med Devices. doi:10.1080/17434440.2022.2150930

Clark, B., Alvi, N., Hanks, J., Joseph, C., & Suprenant, B. (2022). An esophageal cooling device during radiofrequency ablation for atrial fibrillation – a comparison between reactive and proactive esophageal cooling. Journal of Innovations in Cardiac Rhythm Management. doi: 10.19102/icrm.2022.13111

Leung, L., Akhtar, Z., Elbatran, A.I., Bajpai, A., Li, A., Norman, M., Kaba, R., Sohal, M., Zuberi, Z., Gallagher, M.M. (2022). Effect of esophageal cooling on ablation lesion formation in the left atrium: insights from ablation index data in the IMPACT trial and clinical outcomes. J Cardiovasc Electrophysiol.

Montoya, M.M., Bustamante, T.G., Berjano, E., Mickelsen, S.R., Daniels, J.D., Arango, P.H., Schieber, J. &, Kulstad, E. (2022). Proactive esophageal cooling protects against thermal insults during high-power short-duration radiofrequency cardiac ablation. International Journal of Hyperthermia : The Official Journal of European Society for Hyperthermic Oncology, North American Hyperthermia Group, 39(1):1202-1212.

Joseph, C., Cooper, J., Turer, R.W., McDonald, S.A., Kulstad, E.B., & Daniels, J. (2022). Reduced procedure time and variability with active esophageal cooling during radiofrequency ablation for atrial fibrillation. J Vis Exp (186).

Joseph, C., Sherman, J., Ro, A., Fisher, W.G., Nazari, J., Metzl, M. (2022). Procedural time reduction associated with active esophageal cooling during pulmonary vein isolation. J Interv Card Electrophysiol.

Furrer, F., Wendel-Garcia, P. D., Pfister, P., Hofmaenner, D. A., Franco, C., Sachs, A., Fleischer, J., Both, C., Kim, B. S., Schuepbach, R. A., Steiger, P., Carmen, G., & Buehler, P. K. (2022). Perioperative targeted temperature management of severely burned patients by means of an oesophageal temperature probe. Burns, 48(2).

Joseph, C., Sherman, J., Ro, A., Fisher, W.G., Nazari, J., & Metzl, M. (2022). Procedural time reduction associated with active esophageal cooling during pulmonary vein isolation. Journal of Interventional Cardiac Electrophysiology.

Zagrodzky, J., Bailey, S., Shah, S., & Kulstad, E. (2021). Impact of active esophageal cooling on fluoroscopy usage during left atrial ablation. The Journal of Innovations in Cardiac Rhythm Management, 12(11), 4749–4755.

Smith, T., Couillard, P., McBeth, P., Hruska, P., & Kortbeek, J. (2021). Esophageal cooling for hypoxic ischemic encephalopathy: a feasibility study. Therapeutic Hypothermia and Temperature Management, 11(3), 179–184.

Tschabrunn, C. M., Attalla, S., Salas, J., Frankel, D. S., Hyman, M. C., Simon, E., Sharkoski, T., Callans, D. J., Supple, G. E., Nazarian, S., Lin, D., Schaller, R. D., Dixit, S., Marchlinski, F. E., & Santangeli, P. (2021). Active esophageal cooling for the prevention of thermal injury during atrial fibrillation ablation: a randomized controlled pilot study. Journal of Interventional Cardiac Electrophysiology.

Leung, L. W. M., Bajpai, A., Zuberi Z., Li, A., Norman, M., R Kaba, R. A., Akhtar, Z., Evranos, B., Gonna, H., Harding, I., Sohal, M., Al-Subaie, N., Louis-Auguste, J., Hayat, J., & Gallagher, M. M. (2021). Randomized comparison of oesophageal protection with a temperature control device: results of the IMPACT study. EP Europace, 23(2), 205-215.

Davenport, O. R., Mazal, A. T., Davies, M. T., Bagley, C. A., & McDonagh, D. L. (2020). A novel approach to maintaining normothermia in major spinal deformity surgery with an esophageal warming device. Surgical Case Reports, 3(6) 1-3.

Martin, K. R., Naiman, M., & Espinoza, M. (2020). Using esophageal temperature management to treat severe heat stroke: a case report. The Journal of Neuroscience Nursing: Journal of the American Association of Neuroscience Nurses, 52(1), 9–13.

Clark, B., Alvi, N., Hanks, J., & Suprenant, B. (2020). A pilot study of an esophageal cooling device during radiofrequency ablation for atrial fibrillation. medRxiv.

Montoya, M. M., Mickelsen, S., Clark, B., Arnold, M., Hanks, J., Sauter, E., & Kulstad, E. (2019). Protecting the esophagus from thermal injury during radiofrequency ablation with an esophageal cooling device. Journal of Atrial Fibrillation, 11(5), 2110.

Bhatti, F., Naiman, M., Tsarev, A., & Kulstad, E. (2019). Esophageal temperature management in patients suffering from traumatic brain injury. Therapeutic Hypothermia and Temperature Management, 9(4), 238–242.

Khan, I., Haymore, J., Barnaba, B., Armahizer, M., Melinosky, C., Bautista, M. A., Blaber, B., Chang, W. T., Parikh, G., Motta, M., & Badjatia, N. (2018). Esophageal cooling device versus other temperature modulation devices for therapeutic normothermia in subarachnoid and intracranial hemorrhage. Therapeutic Hypothermia and Temperature Management, 8(1), 53–58.

Kalasbail, P., Makarova, N., Garrett, F., & Sessler, D. I. (2018). Heating and cooling rates with an esophageal heat exchange system. Anesthesia & Analgesia, 126(4) 1190-1195.

Naiman, M., Markota, A., Hegazy, A., Dingley, J., & Kulstad, E. (2018). Retrospective analysis of esophageal heat transfer for active temperature management in post-cardiac arrest, refractory fever, and burn patients. Military Medicine 183(1) 162-168.

Goury, A., Poirson, F., Chaput, U., Voicu, S., Garçon, P., Beeken, T., Malissin, I., Kerdjana, L., Chelly, J., Vodovar, D., Oueslati, H., Ekherian, J. M., Marteau, P., Vicaut, E., Megarbane, B., & Deye, N. (2017). Targeted temperature management using the “Esophageal Cooling Device” after cardiac arrest (the COOL study): a feasibility and safety study. Resuscitation, 121, 54–61.  

Tsarev, A. (2017). Targeted temperature management in intensive care of severe traumatic brain injury. Emergency Medicine, 7(86) 59-64.

Primožič, K. K., Svenšek, F., Markota, A., & Sinkovič, A. (2018). Rewarming after severe accidental hypothermia using the esophageal heat transfer device: a case report. Therapeutic Hypothermia and Temperature Management, 8(1) 62-64.

Naiman, M., Markota, A., Haymore, J., Badjatia, N., Hegazy, A., & Kulstad, E. (2017). An evaluation of esophageal temperature management in cases longer than 72 hours. Resuscitation, 118(1) e82.

Wayne, M. (2017). “The esophageal cooling device”: a new way to achieve targeted temperature management. Journal of Cardiology & Cardiovascular Therapy, 5(1) 1-3.

Hegazy, A. F., Lapierre, D. M., Butler, R., Martin, J., & Althenayan, E. (2017). The esophageal cooling device: a new temperature control tool in the intensivist’s arsenal. Heart & Lung: The Journal of Critical Care, 46(3), 143–148.

Markota, A., Košir, A. S., Balažič, P., Živko, I., & Sinkovič, A. (2017). A novel esophageal heat transfer device for temperature management in an adult patient with severe meningitis. The Journal of Emergency Medicine, 52(1), e27–e28.

Markota, A., Fluher, J., Kit, B., Balažič, P., & Sinkovič, A. (2016). The introduction of an esophageal heat transfer device into a therapeutic hypothermia protocol: a prospective evaluation. The American Journal of Emergency Medicine, 34(4), 741–745.

Williams, D., Leslie, G., Kyriazis, D., O’Donovan, B., Bowes, J., & Dingley, J. (2016). Use of an esophageal heat exchanger to maintain core temperature during burn excisions and to attenuate pyrexia on the burns intensive care unit. Case Reports in Anesthesiology, 2016.

Hegazy, A. F., Lapierre, D. M., Butler, R., & Althenayan, E. (2015). Temperature control in critically ill patients with a novel esophageal cooling device: a case series. BMC Anesthesiology, 15, 152. 

Markota, A., Kit, B., Fluher, J., & Sinkovic, A. (2015). Use of an oesophageal heat transfer device in therapeutic hypothermia. Resuscitation, 89 e1-e2.